Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms in both coastal and inland areas involving interventions in the rearing process to enhance production.
It is probably the fastest growing food-producing sector and now accounts for 50 percent of the world's fish that is used for food.
Aquaculture is practiced by both some of the poorest farmers in developing countries and by multinational companies.
A sustainable aquaculture strategy needs:
- A recognition of the fact that farmers earn a fair reward from farming
- To ensure that benefits and costs are shared equitably
- To promote wealth and job creation
- To make sure that enough food is accessible to all
- To manage the environment for the benefit of future generations
- To ensure that aquaculture development is orderly, with both authorities and industry well organized
The ultimate aspiration is for aquaculture to develop its full potential so that:
- Communities prosper and people are healthier
- There are more opportunities for improved livelihoods, with an increased income and better nutrition
- Farmers and women are empowered